The lessons from Esther’s art and story are immediate and understandable, nurturing empathy and courage, while her art brings the Holocaust to life in a markedly different way than the black-and-white photos more typical of the period. Drawing from Esther’s art and story, free educational materials offer students a way to comprehend the perseverance of a young girl within the context of historical events, using the Holocaust as the primary content. They are designed for grades 5 – 12. The lessons build essential skills for critical thinking, understanding primary resources, contextualizing current events, appreciating the importance of storytelling, and engaging young people in active participation in their community.

Two types of lessons are provided, along with fillable PDF graphic organizers and reference documents:

  1. Fully standards-aligned traditional lesson plans (PDFs)

  2. Online, interactive, multi-media Sutoris


The lessons address five core themes:

  1. Social Studies and History

  2. English Language Arts

  3. Art Appreciation and Art Integration

  4. Social Justice and Civic Engagement

  5. Jewish Studies

See FAQ for descriptions and the Guide to Using Lesson Plans

For inspiration, please view students' works from previous programs

We welcome your feedback

Children Escaping War and Conflict

Students learn to analyze basic human needs, draw similarities between survival stories, and apply their learning to current and contemporary events.

Social Justice and Human Rights

Teach about the underlying principles of freedom, equality, fairness and justice

Esther in Her Own Words and Images: Artwork and Testimony as a Primary Source

Teach how to use first person accounts, primary and secondary sources and artifacts while following Esther’s journey and exploring the Holocaust.

World War II in Poland

Enrich student learning about the history of Poland and Jews in Poland before, during and after World War II through the use of timelines.

Upstanders, Bystanders, and Victims

By analyzing the artwork of Esther Nisenthal Krinitz as a primary source, students will learn about World War II and address the moral dimensions of the Holocaust and bullying.

Unsung Heroes

A four-part lesson with extensions teaching how to use evidence-based argument to answer the question: “What makes an unsung hero?”

Story Cloths

How story cloths present first person accounts, preserve culture and traditions, and speak up for social justice.

Jewish Concepts and Values

This lesson will address three Jewish concepts:

  • Welcoming the Stranger

  • Peace in the House

  • Jewish holidays and traditions

Symbolism, Dreams, and Metaphors


Additional Teaching Resources

Guide to The Fabric of Survival Exhibit

Explore Esther Nisenthal Krinitz’s survival story as told through the 36 tapestries she created.

Guide to the Film Through the Eye of the Needle: The Art of Esther Nisenthal Krinitz

The questions and activities in the guide use the art and story of Esther Krinitz Nisenthal as a springboard to learn more about the Holocaust and World War II and to convey the importance of telling one’s own story.

Worksheets for Students

The Graphic Organizers/Worksheets below can all be found here. They are fillable PDFs on which the students can do their assignments and, when completed, print out or submit digitally.

View or Print these resources:

I have never really used art to teach the Holocaust. This will really help me connect the content to my students more effectively.

Educator at Echoes Workshop

Defined by Vehicle Manufacturer

Gross Vehicle Mass “GVM” Weight transmitted by all tow vehicle axles to the ground Front Axle Capacity “FAC” Weight on tow vehicle front axle Rear Axle Capacity “RAC” Weight on tow vehicle rear axle Towing Capacity Typically stated at ATM (see trailer definitions) Towbar Down Force “TDF” Weight transmitted from trailer to vehicle towbar Gross Combination Mass “GCM” Sum of all axle loads; vehicle and trailer These are defined by the vehicle manufacturer and maybe limited by the capacity of axles, engine and drivetrain limitations and vehicle gradability. MANUFACTURER - the name of the person or company who accepts responsibility for compliance with the Australian Design Rules and to whom the ‘Compliance Plate’ approval certificate is issued. This definition of “Manufacturer” encompasses First Stage Manufacturers and all Second Stage Manufacturers for which a federally approved compliance plate has been issued for the vehicle. As defined by Vehicle Standards (Australian Design Rule – Definitions and Vehicle Categories) 2005 - dated 14/5/2016.

Defined by Trailer Manufacturer

Gross Trailer Mass “GTM” Weight transmitted by all trailer axles to the ground Aggregate Trailer Mass “ATM” Trailer mass including tow ball down force on tow vehicle These are defined by the trailer manufacturer and maybe limited by the capacity of axles, capacity of suspension and the capacity of the tyres. The towing vehicle and trailer must adhere to these limits at all times. This is to ensure the vehicle operator remains within safety and legal requirements in all vehicle loading and towing situations. This ensures insurance policies remain valid and also leads to a stable towing experience with a properly balanced vehicle-trailer combination.

1.1. Vehicle Capacity Definition

Vehicles are limited by:

  • Front Axle Capacity (FAC)
  • Rear Axle Capacity (RAC)
  • Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM)
  • Gross Combination Mass (GCM)
The Lovells Front Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The Lovells Rear Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The Lovells Gross Vehicle Mass is inclusive of the following and CANNOT BE EXCEEDED:
  • Vehicle Tare Mass
  • Passengers
  • Cargo
  • Fuel
  • Towbar Down Force
  • Any other fitted accessories
GVM = Front Axle Tare + Rear Axle Tare + PAX + Cargo + TDF + Accessories

2. Definitions Summary

This outlines, in simple terms, the definitions of critical concepts to be considered when towing a trailer with a laden vehicle. At all times, the road going tow vehicle and trailer must be within manufacture and Road Authority mass and axle limits. This means at all times: The Front Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The Rear Axle Capacity CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GVM (Gross Vehicle Mass) CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GCM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The ATM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GTM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED.

1.2. Gross Combination/Combined Mass Definition

The Gross Combination/Combined Mass, GCM, is defined as follows: GCM = GVM – TDF + ATM In simple terms it is the sum of all vehicle and trailer axle loads transmitted to the ground. The GCM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED.

1.3. Trailer Capacity Definition

Trailers and towbars are rated by Aggregate Trailer Mass (ATM) which is the total weight of the trailer. The ATM is defined in simple terms as All The Trailer Mass. It is inclusive of the loads on the axles or GTM, and the load on the tow coupling or TDF. The axle loads on the trailer are defined as Gross Trailer Mass (GTM). The trailer imposes a load on the tow vehicle defined as Towbar Down Force (TDF). ATM = GTM + TDF The ATM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED. The GTM CANNOT BE EXCEEDED.